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Vision troubles

How to understand your disease of aging : ageless man

Ageless Man

The eye represents very exactly the darkroom of a camera. It is to some extent a camera that is highly specialized. It receives and records the images that are transmitted to the brain by the optical nerve and a complex network of nervous fibers. Vision results from the interpretation of the images received by the brain. The various parts of the eye contribute to the good performance of the darkroom. Everything is there: the obturator, which masks the objective of the camera, is represented by the eyelids; the objective consists in a system of lenses, the cornea and the lens; the diaphragm is formed by a membrane (the iris), which surrounds the pupil, whereby the light rays pass; the sensitive plate corresponds to the retina, a nervous membrane that papers the retina itself, consisting of an extremely developed network of all small arteries.

The case is a fibrous membrane (the sclerotic one) that contains the various eye elements. To ensure normal vision, all eye components must be intact. They are all essential.

The muscular elements play a key role into directing the light rays with precision on the retina. The muscles inserted in the eyeballs direct the glance like a camera. As the vision is complete, thanks to the two eyes, these muscles ensure the convergence of the light rays to ensure the images’ fusion.

The diaphragm of the eye opens and is closed thanks to the muscles located in the iris, making it possible for the pupil to increase or to narrow according to the intensity of the light rays. The curve of the lens is modified by a musculature attached to the lens. The cornea and the lens are transparent elements. The interior of the eye also contains transparent liquids, aqueous in front of the lens and gelatinous (containing water 98.7 percent) behind the lens.

The nerve elements located in the retina comprise specialized cells for color vision and others for black-and-white vision.

The vascular elements form a very rich network intended for the oxygen and nutritive matters’ contribution necessary to the metabolism of the various parts of the eye.

To see clearly, the eye must be able to adapt to vision far and near. This adaptation brings into play the two mechanisms dependent on the eye musculature: convergence and accommodation.

Each eye is animated by six muscles (oculomotor), which make it possible to direct it in various directions. Vision axes converge to fix to the same point as two beams of light convergent in an artistic scene. This mechanism of convergence brings into play the various oculomotor muscles.

The ability of the lens to focalize ensures the clarification of the image on the retina via the lens, whose curve is variable. A specialized musculature is anchored to the lens’s periphery to make it curve or plane according to the needs.

The adaptation of vision depends, consequently, on a whole system of muscles whose tonicity is necessary for correct vision.

The generalized involution of the musculature at the time of andropause does not spare ocular muscles. Eye troubles that appear at around forty-five years old sound the alarm for hormonal decline.

Presbyopia is an anomaly of the vision, a defect of the eye that badly distinguishes close objects, a consequence of a reduction in the elasticity of the lens and of its power of accommodation or a relaxation of the specialized muscle that ensures the modifications of the lens curve. It appears at the beginning of andropause disease. The lens loses the flexibility that earlier allowed text to be brought closer without problem or tiredness. Accommodation becomes harder, and gradually the reader must

 move his book or the newspaper away to read.

The normal distance for reading oscillates around thirty-three centimeters. For those below forty-five, this distance is shorter. Around fifty years, it is forty centimeters; around sixty years, it is about a meter. Men with andropause disease often have arms too short for reading. As it is not possible to lengthen their arms to, the solution lies in the wearing of glasses. Many will say that they are not true glasses but “work glasses,” “reading glasses,” or “glasses to rest the eyes,” reassuring remarks that don’t prevent this phenomenon caused by senile involution. It is necessary to delay it at, all costs, by becoming aware of the hormonal insufficiency that it implies. The popular expression “hello, glasses, good-bye, Willy” summarizes the situation perfectly.

This phenomenon announces others that are more serious: cataracts, glaucoma, and retinal detachment.


Is partial or total lens opacity. The word cataract finds its origin in an old and erroneous belief, according to which the cataract consisted of a kind of curtain that fell like a waterfall in the eye, resulting the obscuration of the pupil. It was thought that it was cerebral liquid that was spread on the pupil. The opacity is caused by the accumulation of liquid between the lens fibers. They inflate, break, and form irregular remains, which opacify the lens gradually. The causes of cataracts are multiple. Among them, the degenerative or senile cataract occupies the first place in frequency. It is a condition of advanced age, but it develops sometimes at around forty years. Though both eyes may be affected, the opacity progresses more quickly in one of the eyes. The complete opacity of the lens is done during a variable time, from a few months to several years. It can be stabilized at any stage of its evolution.

At the beginning, the symptoms appear in the form of a reduction in vision with an impression of fog that dissimulates contours. Then dazzling lights appear, which require putting a hand up or a visor on when the light is intense, the eye being more comfortable in weak lighting. These alarming signs must make one consult an ophthalmologist immediately. When the cataract is too advanced, one can fortunately remove the sick lens and replace it with an artificial one. Great progress was made in this field, and, today, artificial antidazzle lenses are available.

Beyond the traditional ophthalmologic treatment, it should not be forgotten that the cataract evolves in the total degeneration of the organism. Remember that. It is here that it is necessary to act in a preventive way quickly.

The transparency of the eye is ensured by a complex metabolism utilizing vitamins and hormones that influence, in a decisive way, the very small arteries of the eye and its metabolism of glucose and calcium.

Andropause is a permanent vascular disorder caused by arteriosclerosis, atherosclerosis, and arterial hypertension. The very small arteries that constitute the end of the arterial network are particularly vulnerable. They constitute the essence of the eye vascularization. Diabetes and intolerance of sugars must be fought with all one’s energy because they increase vascular risk.

In addition, the metabolism of the eye needs glucose, which is necessary for the maintenance and the restoration of the crystalline lens. To penetrate there, the tissue calcium rate must be normal. However, andropause disease causes a calcic deficit of the whole of the organism, including the crystalline lens. By regularizing the metabolism of glucose and calcium, male hormones take part in the prevention of cataracts.


Is an eye disease characterized by an abnormal increase of the tension in the ocular cavity. Eye tension is variable and is generally between twenty and twenty-five millimeters of mercury. The abnormal rise in the pressure in the eye results from a mechanism. The aqueous humor that nourishes the crystalline lens is evacuated normally by small pores located in the angle formed by the iris and the cornea. These small canaliculi are surrounded by fibrous tissue that takes part in the general degeneration of support tissues. It results in a contraction of the pores and a closing of the angle whereby the aqueous humor evacuates itself. Being secreted permanently, a pressure is exerted in front of the lens; the pupil, forced by the abundance of liquid, widens; and the hyper pressure is transmitted in the ocular cavity. The compressed optical nerve degenerates, involving blindness. As soon as eye trouble appears, one should not hesitate to consult an ophthalmologist because there are solutions to correct this frightening affliction. The basic treatment should not neglect the administration of male hormones, which act favorably on fibrous tissue, surrounding the pores whereby the aqueous humor is eliminated.

Retinal Detachment

The retina is papered by a nervous membrane that contains the vision sensory cells. It rests on a vascular membrane, true feeder network of the eye, made up of small arteries and capillary vessels. The hormonal disturbances of andropause disease cause the particularly dangerous contraction and arterial spasm of this final arterial network. Disorders of the retinal oxygenation follow; the retina deteriorates and is detached from the back of the eye. At the beginning, one perceives bright lights, and the visual acuity decreases. When the retina is separated, the field of view narrows, and the view is veiled by a curtain resembling shade. It is necessary to intervene precociously on the separated zones by using photo coagulation with the laser, which makes it possible to stabilize the affliction.

Age-Related Macular Degeneration (AMD)

Senile macular degeneration is a retinal disease caused by a progressive degeneration of the central part of the retina (macula of retina), which can appear from fifty years of age and, more frequently, from sixty-five years, causing a weakening of vision that worsens with age. The generally accused causes are genetic influence, arterial hypertension, ultraviolet rays, and food imbalance. According to the World Health Organization, circulatory insufficiency, with reduction in the circulatory flow of the macular area, also plays a part. AMD is the third-leading cause of visual deficiency in the world and accounts for 8.7 percent of blindness causes. It is the first cause of visual deficiency in industrialized countries. As one knows the importance of the influence of male hormones on the arterial network, can one neglect preventive hormonal treatment? Eye troubles in men with andropause disease are the result of important vascular rehandlings, of sclerosis phenomena, of glucose and calcium disturbances, and of consequences of an insufficient secretion of male hormones.

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